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Control Template in DataGrid, Repeater and DataList Controls

A template is a combination of HTML elements, controls and embedded server controls, and can be used to customize and manipulate the layout of a control. ASP.NET provides three server controls for displaying data in a customized layout: Datagrid control, Repeater control, and Datalist control. The layout for these controls can be customized using templates.

 

For example you can use a template to customize the layout of the individual rows. Alternating rows, or selected rows of control. At runtime, the specified template is rendered on the page.

There are different portions of a control, such as the header, footer. item and separator, which you can customize according to your requirements by using templates. There are different types of templates available depending on the portion of control for which the template is defined.

The following table lists the available templates and the sever controls that support them:

TEMPLATE

DESCRIPTION

SUPPORTED BY

AlternatingItemTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are rendered for every alternating row in the data source.

Repeater and DataList

     

SelectedItemTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are rendered when an item is selected in the control

DataList

    nbsp;

HeaderTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are accessed one before any other item is accessed in the control

Repeater, DataList. and DataGrid

     

FooterTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are accessed one time after all the items are accessed in the control.

Repeater, DataList, and DataGrid

EditItemTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are rendered when an item in the server control is in edit mode.

DataList and DataGrid

SeparatorTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are rendered between each item.

Repeater and DataGrid

PagerTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are rendered when information is paged

DataGrid

ItemTemplate

Represents the collection of elements and controls that are rendered one time for each data source row

Repeater, DataList, and DataGrid

You can create and edit a template for a server control either by using Visual Designer or by editing ASP.NET code. When you use Visual Designer, the corresponding ASP.NET code is generated automatically.

Now we will be discussing the process of creating and editing templates in detail, in these sections of the Repeater, Datagrid and Datalist controls for which these templates are used.

Repeater Control Template

A Repeater control displays data from different data sources by using customized layouts. It does not has a default layout. You need to create templates to provide a layout to a Repeater control. You can create tables, grids, comma separated lists, and bulleted or numbered lists to display the data in a Repeater control. When you add a Repeater control to your WebForm, you can set its properties by using Properties window and then create different templates to provide the layout to the Repeater control. The ItemTemplate is mandatory as it provides a basic layout to the Repeater control. Other Templates can also be created to enhance the layout

Repeater Template - Example project

In this demo, I have used Repeater control to create a table with a header row, and three columns with one column containing a button control. The application shows a table of product list along with their prices and when a user clicks on to know more about the product a decription message is displayed. Perform the following steps for this demo:

  • Drag a Repeater control to the Web Form and write the code to bind data to a datasource. You can download the project from the link given at the end of this section and view this code in the load event of the Web form.

  • Switch to the HTML view and create a customized template by adding the following lines of code between the opening and closing tags of the repeater code:

<HeaderTemplate>
<table border="2">
<tr bgcolor="#cc9900">
<td> <b> PRODUCT NAME </b> </td>
<td> <b> PRODUCT PRICE </b> </td>
<td> <b> PRODUCT DESCRIPTION </b> </td>
</tr>
</HeaderTemplate>
<ItemTemplate>
<tr bgcolor="#d9de33">
<td><%#DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "prodname") %></td>
<td><%#DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "prodprice") %></td>
<td><asp:button ID="descriptionbutton" CommandName="desc" Text="Know More" Runat="server"/></td>
</tr>
</ItemTemplate>
<FooterTemplate>
</table>
<FooterTemplate>

It is to note here that, to display the rows from a datasource in the individual items of the any of the data controls, you need to bind the embedded controls with the datasource of the container control. To accomplish this, you need to use the DataBinder.Eval ( ) method.

The DataBinder.Eval ( ) method is used to evaluate the late bound data binding expression. This method simplifies the casting of the bound data to the required data type. It has the following sysntax:

<% # DataBinder.Eval ( ContainerName.DataFieldName, {FormatString}) %>

In the preceding section:

  • ContainerName: Represents the container for a data item. For example it cab be a page. For Repeater, DataList and DataGrid controls, this parameter has the value Container.DataItem.

  • DataFieldName: Represents the name of a data item field.

  • FormatString: This parameter is optional.. Represents the format of the bound data item. It can contain values such as the format character 'N' for the number format and 'd' for the short date. If this parameter is not specified, the data item is formatted to a value of the object type.

After this we will be adding functionality for the label control through which the description will be displayed. And when you will click the "Know More" button, output look as shown in the figure:

You can download the example Control Templates project through this link.

DataList Control Template

This is very much like the Repeater control, except that it has some additional properties and templates. These properties and templates of the DataList control allow you to display its data in a diverse way. The DataList control displays data from a data source in a form of a list. It also provides data selection and editing capabilities.

A DataList control also has the RepeatDirection and RepeatColumn properties, which provide the layout of the data in the horizontal and vertical direction.

To create or edit a template for a DataList control, perform the following steps:

  • Drag a DataList control from the toolbox to the WebForm, right click the control and select Edit Template option from the short cut menu as displayed in the figure:

  • The available list of templates is displayed. These are divided into three groups, Header and Footer templates, Item Templates and Separator templates. Select the Header and Footer template option and the DataList control is displayed in the edit mode.

  • Now you can add the controls from the toolbox and place them in your DataList control. I have added three label controls as shown in the figure:

  • Similarly you can edit the ItemTemplate. I have added two lables and a button. To display the data from a data source in the inserted Label control, you need to set the DataBindings property of the Label controls to the required data source. For example, to display the values from the CustomerName column of the data table in the forst label control and to the CustomerAddress for the second label control. It can be done as shown in the figure:

 
  • After settings the properties for all controls in the DataList template, end the edit mode by selecting the End Template Editing form the short cut menu as shown in the figure:

The DataList Control would appear as below:

The default layout of a DataList control displays data in one vertical column, but you can specify multiple columns for displaying data by setting the RepeatColumns property. You can specify the order of display as either vertical or horizontal by selecting its RepeatDirection property.

The RepeatLayout property of a DataList control can be used to specify the type of layout for displaying data in the control. The flow layout displays the list of items in a word processing document format and a table layout displays the list of items in a HTML table.

DataGrid Control Template

The DataGrid control offers all the functions of the DataList control and, in addition the control provides sorting and paging capabilities. Its AllowSorting control provides sorting and redisplaying data on the selection of a column header. A selected page of data can be displayed from a large data source by using its AllowPaging property.

DataGrid controls do not have the built-in capability to scroll its content in a fixed area. All of the rows you add are displayed in the Web Form. Therefore, developers build their own custom mechanisms to implement paging. While implementing paging, you can decide the maximum number of rows that a table can contain and add buttons or hyperlinks at the bottom of the table in order to allow users to navigate through the records. In ASP.NET, you can easily scroll between pages of dynamically determined sizes in a DataGrid control. to do so:

Enable paging of the datagrid control by setting its AllowPaging property to True. Assign a value to the PageSize property to specify the rows that you want to see for each page.

Make sure the data source bound to the datagrid control is refreshed whenever you scroll back and forth. The datagrid raises the OnPageIndexChanged event whenever you click the pager to jump to a certain page.

A datagrid server control binds and displays data in a tabular format. Each record in a data source is displayed as a row in the grid. You can customize the layout of a DataGrid control by using a template. There are different types of columns that you can create for a datagrid control:

  • Bound Columns

  • Hyperlink Columns

  • Button Columns

  • Template Columns

When you right click the datagrid and select property builder from the short cut menu, the datagrid properties window appears where you can format the columns, paging and more, as shown in the figure below:


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